Publications

Research Studies

Nejm_logo2011

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Mobile-Phone Dispatch of Laypersons for CPR in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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Mattias Ringh, Mårten Rosenqvist, Jacob Hollenberg, et al

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The New England Journal of Medicine

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June 11, 2015

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A mobile-phone positioning system to dispatch lay volunteers who were trained in CPR was associated with significantly increased rates of bystander-initiated CPR among persons with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Integration of mobile-phone positioning systems with AED registries may facilitate lay responders in locating the nearest AED and thereby increase efficacy in public-access defibrillation programs.

Almost 10,000 people voluntarily joined the program without any financial compensation, and no major adverse events were reported.

 
Resuscitation Logo

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A text message alert system for trained volunteers improves out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival

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Ruud W.M. Pijls, Patty J. Nelemans, Braim M. Rahel, Anton P.M. Gorgels

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Resuscitation

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June 8, 2016

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The text message alert system is effective in increasing survival to hospital discharge in OHCA victims and the degree of disability or dependence after survival is low.

 
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Use of Mobile Devices, Social Media, and Crowdsourcing as Digital Strategies to Improve Emergency Cardiovascular Care

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John S. Rumsfeld, MD, PhD, FAHA, Chair; Steven C. Brooks, MD, MHSc; Tom P. Aufderheide, MD, FAHA; Marion Leary, MPH, MSN, RN, FAHA, et al

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Circulation

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June 21, 2016

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Digital strategies represent novel interventions to potentially improve care delivery and patient outcomes for emergency cardiovascular conditions.

 
Nejm_logo2011

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Early Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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Ingela Hasselqvist-Ax, Gabriel Riva, Johan Herlitz, et al

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The New England Journal of Medicine

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June 11, 2015

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CPR performed before EMS arrival was associated with a 30-day survival rate after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest that was more than twice as high as that associated with no CPR before EMS arrival.

 
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Strategies to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival: A Time to Act

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Robert Graham, Margaret A. McCoy, and Andrea M. Schultz

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Institute of Medicine

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June 30, 2015

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The immediate, hands-on response of bystanders to cardiac arrest is critical to improve rates of effective resuscitation and, thereby, increase the likelihood of survival and positive neurologic outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Bystander CPR makes the next link in the chain of survival, early defibrillation, more effective by increasing the proportion of individuals who are found with a shockable rhythm.

Many national and international registry studies indicate that bystander CPR can increase survival rates for OHCA between 50 and 500 percent.

Theoretically, a member of the public could be sued for providing bystander CPR; however, the committee is unaware of any successful suit of this type.

Use of PulsePoint is discussed on Pg. 160-161.

 

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Association of Bystander and First-Responder Intervention With Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010-2013

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Malta Hansen, Carolina, Kragholm, Kristian et al

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Journal of the American Medical Association

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July 21, 2015

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Following a statewide educational intervention on rescusitation training, the proportion of patients receiving bystander-initiated CPR and defibrillation by first responders increased and was associated with greater likelihood of survival. Bystander-initiated CPR was associated with greater likelihood of survival with favorable neurological outcome.

 

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Bystander Response to Cardiac Arrest is Critical to Improve Rates of
Effective Resuscitation

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Physio-Control, Inc.

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October 16, 2015

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Utilizing laypeople as CPR/AED responders for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has been occurring to some extent over the last decade. Advances in cellular technology are enhancing the ability to notify and direct laypersons trained in CPR/AED to the scene of a cardiac arrest.

 

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IDC White Paper: You can be more secure in the cloud than in your own data center

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Pete Lindstrom

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International Data Corporation

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July, 2015

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Independent research firm IDC outlines how to think about the security of applications in the cloud, and how you can be more secure in the AWS Cloud than in your own data center.